True Giants in Neolithic France: A subject overlooked for 100 years.
In my years of amateur study, I have come across internet references to “Meganthropus” and “Gigantopithecus” 8 to 12 foot tall Pleistocene “Ape men”. But these giants have only been based on jaw and teeth (For which I shall address in another post). The best way to calculate height if an entire skeleton is lacking, is from the bones of arm and legs! Fortunately, such bones have occasionally been documented.
In 1890, Prof. Georges Vacher Comte de Lapouge, the famous French Anthropologist and Theoretician, documented very large human limb bones from the Bronze age tumulus of Castelnau-le-Lez, near the old Roman Fort of Substantion, “Sextantio.”
His calculations indicated the Neolithic giant man was about 3.5 meters tall, and several hundred Kilograms weight; 11 feet 6 in., and 1,000 pounds! The size of these bones were truly remarkable, as Lapouge writes in La Nature: “The first is the middle part of the shaft of a femur, 14 cm length, almost cylindrical in shape, and the circumference of the bone is 16 cm.” 16 Centimeters is about 80% thicker than a normal 5 ft 9 in tall man’s femur, which generally averages about 8.5 to 9 centimeters in circumference at the middle part of the shaft. If the giant’s femur were proportionate to its girth, its length would also be about 80% longer, or about 33 inches – 84 cm.
The bones of the Castelnau giant when compared to the bones of a normal skeleton of 5 ft 8 (1.73 m) inch man:
The femur of a normal man generally represents 27 percent of his full skeletally erect stature. We may indeed add 1 to 2 inches to this when we factor in shoes, skin, and hair. The most accurate estimates of height are based on the femur. If the giant’s femur were 33 inches long, we are looking at a skeleton 10 ft 2 inches tall, not including a few more inches of flesh and hair added to this. Taking into account all factors, the giant of Castelnau represents a likely human anomaly of 3 to 3.5 meters tall, between 10 and 11 feet.
In 1892, Dr. Paul Kiener of the University of Montpellier studied the bones and found them to be abnormal, but apparently of a “very tall race” (see NY Times). This opened up the question of the giants of antiquity, but did not solve the problem of their origins.
But was he simply an anomaly? Prof. de Lapouge writes that in the same cemetery at Castelnau he found the base of a skull, lacking the os frontis, from a young man about 18 years of age. He says this skull exceeded all the skulls in dimensions, including the Polynesians. On pg. 11 of “La Nature” he estimated this boy to have been “well over 2 meters” tall — ( 2 meters is 6 ft 7 inches) Thus indicating a boy over seven feet tall. The skull had the morphological characteristics common to the dolmen people of Lozere (who were long headed Aryan types). Lapouge also mentions that several instances of giant bones were indeed reported from Lozere (100 miles North of Castelnau), but that they had been unconfirmed as if his writing.
Further discovery of large prehistoric bones in the year 1894 at Montpellier, France– 3 miles south of Castelnau– tends to re-open the question of the giants. This from the “Oelwein Register” November 8th, 1894:
The above News Report mentions skulls 28 to 32 inches in circumference, and bones belonging to men between 10 and 15 feet in height. Sent to the Acadmy in Paris (French Acadmy of Sciences). The illustration below gives us an idea of how large such skulls would be:
The close proximity of these reports indicates perhaps a tribal element of giant stature once occupied the Neolithic coast of South France. That is my on-going theory anyways. Other scattered press accounts indicate seven to ten foot skeletons were occasionally uncovered in other regions of France, and in the Pyrenees Mountains of Spain, near the Franco-Spanish border region:
All of these reports, when viewed separately can be explained away as anomalies or press exaggerations and “tall tales.” However, when they are seen in retrospect, and in light of the scientific bone measurements from the Castelnau giant, they may indeed offer strong circumstantial corroboration to a true and physical reality, that some “giants” did indeed inhabit France in ancient and prehistoric times, and in rather substantial populations as opposed to an occasional individual here and there.
Miguel Gomez Aracil, Spanish Mystery writer has compiled accounts of large skeletons in Spain and the Pyrenees Mountains:
On the mainland, and particularly in the north, is where more traditional accounts are collected.
Giants atavistic, considered pagan by the Christian religion, far from disappearing have survived in folk tales and we have been presented as belonging to a gigantic race, and not as a singularity. In Catalonia “gegants els” are still present in many festivals and performances. Have been integrated into popular festivals to the point that all counties have their own and are part of the cultural and historical heritage.
Locate local folk tales linked to numerous giant megaliths, menhirs and dolmens. The megalithic monuments were built (according to folklore) by giant beings overnight. In Portugal, the dolmens are still called Antas (tomb of the giant or construction of the giant), perhaps in honor of the giant Antaeus.
In Euskera megalithic monuments are called Mairuen Baratza (orchard or garden giants of the Gentiles, the latter name with which they are known in the Basque Country). Therefore, the universal tradition designates the dolmens and tombs of the giants could pose more of a legend, if you stick to the archaeological evidence.
In principle, a controversial site in the remains of these features is the dolmen of Oren, in Prullans, Cerdanya (Catalan Pyrenees). In 1917, it seemed, were discovered, among other pieces, femurs of 70 to 92 cm long. While there is much confusion about the veracity of the finding, the researcher Fernando Ledesma in his book The Cerdanya, emerald Pyrenees Magic ensures that found seven skeletons of the human species in the dolmen I, of great importance.
The writer and journalist Miguel G. Aracil actually extends nine skeletons were discovered at the time of the Man of Cro.Magnon (when the man of this period did not exceed, as determined by official science, the 165 cm high). These remains were guarded by the Casanovas family at the Tower of Prullans, former mansion of the Marquis of Monistrol. Later, some of these remains were handed over to the Archaeological Museum of Catalonia.
Unfortunately here you lose track of this material, because the museum does not recognize ever seeing them.
The fact is that arquelólogos and scholars have found relatively often daunting human bones in the Iberian Peninsula. In Garos (Pyrenees of Lleida), to reconstruct the apse of the church, the pastor Mossèn Jaqquet found the remains of a giant three meters high with an iron nail into the skull. In the reconstruction of another church, in Urbasa (mountain system between Alva and Navarre) were found human remains of cyclopean size.
Have also been found human skeletons of gigantic dimensions in Castile Medinaceli found near a skull and several bones in Leon, in the Visigothic church Marialba, skeletons of three-meter wingspan, and also in Cantabria, Girona (Besalú). … Practically all the remains are missing today, perhaps a few dozen scattered among collectors of memories.
But the crucial question is: why no scientist entertains collect and study all the data, remains and evidence available?
Clearly that would ruin many scientific theories. http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/gigantes/esp_gigantes_1.htm
I have corresponded by email with Mr. Aracil. He mentions that a Dr. Campillo a forensic anthropologist, has studied the bones of the giant of Prullans and that these measurements are recorded in a book. I am attempting to verify this information. It is likely that this is Dr Domènec Campillo of the Archaeological Museum of Catalonia, and Archaeological Museum of Barcelona. Mr. Aracil says the bones of the Prullans giant are kept at the Museum of Montjuic, Barcelona.
More information to come…